A good sleep is very essential for the normal and healthy function of our body. Several medical professionals and scientists are constantly studying more on this complex physiological phenomenon.
Sleep disorder has become a serious problem amongst people, who lead a busy lifestyle and live in an active city. Lack of sleep is one of the major reasons of street accidents and poor performance in the classroom and office.
TYPES OF SLEEP DISORDERS
Insomnia: This is the most common sleep disorder amongst most people. People find difficulty in falling asleep, or maintain a continuous deep sleep. It usually occurs due to anxiety and depression, and is seen less in older people. Different behavior therapy and certain medications are available for its treatment.
Sleep Apnea: This sleep disorder can prove fatal, as there is can be a cessation of breath during sleep. Treatment process for sleep apnea includes respiratory apparatus and surgery in some cases. Surgery is required to clear any obstacle in the airway passage of the respiratory system.
Narcolepsy: It is a neurological disorder that causes a person to suddenly fall asleep, known as sleep attacks. The sleep attack occurs in a person even after getting adequate sleep at night, and makes it difficult to live a normal life. This hinders essential activities like walking or working, and can even prove fatal.
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS): It is also a neurological disorder, where the person feels an uncontrollable urge to move his or her legs. This can be very uncomfortable and painful, and even obstructs the person in getting sleep.
Jet Lag: This is a physiological condition that affects people who work at odd times of the day or night, for example who have to travel or work for another time zone at night. To prevent Jet Lag, it is recommended to sleep at correct times in the night.
SOLUTIONS FOR SLEEP DISORDERS
Keep a sleep-diary
This is a very useful method to identify the factor that is causing lack of sleep. Make this sleep diary include:
• The time of going to sleep, and waking up.
• Total hours of sleep, and the depth of sleep.
• Record the time and activity that kept you awake after going to bed (e.g. "remained awake with eyes closed, meditated, got up for milk or food etc")
• What you consumed before going to bed (e.g. foods, coffee, alcohol etc), and the time when you consumed it.
• Your feeling and mood at bed (e.g. sadness, happiness, anxiety or stress)
• Any medications or drugs taken, with their dose and time of consumption
There are certain other methods by which you can identify the cause of the sleeping problems and solve it yourself.
• Examine what caused your sleep to get disrupted; if it was because of your mobile phone, turn it off.
• It is also important that the sleeping place not to be noisy and have healthy and suitable ambiance. Make the environment cool dark and quiet.
• Exercise and physical activities not only help to manage stress, it will also help a lot to achieve a good quality sleep.
If you suffer from lack of sleep, maintaining a sleep diary is important. This will not only reveal how certain activity affects a good sleep, but also how to achieve a good sleep by curbing the activities that causes disturbance to your sleep.